human rights

29.07.2021

All Human Beings

What do all human beings, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Max Richter have in common? Author: Sylvia Borissova All Human Beings is the new track by contemporary classical composer Max Richter from his latest album Voices, which was …

10.05.2021

Desert Flower by Waris Dirie

The incredible journey of a nomadic girl through the desert Author: Sylvia Borissova Translator: Donika Boneva Desert Flower: The Extraordinary Journey of a Desert Nomad (William Morrow Paperbacks, 2011) tells the true life story of Somali Waris Deery. The biographical …

10.05.2021

School bullying in Klass (2007)

How far can school violence lead? Author: Sylvia Borissova Translator: Donika Boneva The Estonian film Klass, 2007, directed by Ilmar Raag, manages to convey to the smallest detail the harsh reality of school bullying and its consequences. Moreover – entirely …

05.01.2021

Introduction to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the first of its kind and it was created right after World War II. Approved by the international community in 1948 it represents the universal recognition that basic rights and fundamental freedoms …

05.01.2021

Article 1: Equality and Dignity

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. The Oxford English Dictionary defines the word ‘dignity’ as follows: …

05.01.2021

Article 5: Freedom from Inhuman Treatment

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The Right to Freedom from Inhuman Treatment ensures that no one should be tortured physically or mentally. No one should be subject to degrading …

05.01.2021

Article 6: Legal Recognition

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law. To understand article 6, we must understand what the definition of a person is. According to the Oxford Dictionary, the word ‘Person’ means: ‘A human being regarded …

05.01.2021

Article 7: Equality Before the Law

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination. Every …

05.01.2021

Article 8: Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law. This right means that every human who is subject to a violation of …

05.01.2021

Article 9: Freedom from Arbitrary Legal Prosecution

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. A person can not be arrested, detained, or exiled without a good reason to do so. This is a security for all humans, so no one should live in …

05.01.2021

Article 10: Right to Fair Public Hearing

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. A fair hearing means that an unbiased …

05.01.2021

Article 11: Innocent until Proven Guilty

Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. No one shall be held …

05.01.2021

Article 12: Freedom from Interference

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. This article …

05.01.2021

Article 13: Freedom of Movement

Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. This essentially means that everyone has the …

05.01.2021

Article 14: Asylum from Prosecution

Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles …

05.01.2021

Article 15: Right to a Nationality.

Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality. The right to a nationality has been described as the “right to have rights”. Nationality is …

05.01.2021

Article 16: Right to Marriage.

Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality, or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during the marriage, and at its …

05.01.2021

Article 17: Right to Property.

Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. The right to own property and to not be arbitrarily deprived of it is yet another …

05.01.2021

Article 18: Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion.

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or …

05.01.2021

Article 19: Freedom of Opinion and Expression.

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers. “If we do not believe …

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