BOOKMARKS (2014/2016/2020)

A Manual for Combating Hate Speech Online through Human Rights Education

Hate Speech is one of the most worrying, racist and discriminatory phenomena of our time, and it is amplified by the anonymity on Internet and social media. Hate Speech online is the visible tip of the iceberg of intolerance and ethnocentrism. Young people are directly affected both as agents and victims of online violations of fundamental human rights.

In this regard, in 2014 the guide BOOKMARKS was developed and published by the Council of Europe to support the No Hate Speech Movement youth campaign for human rights online. BOOKMARKS is a guide to combating Hate Speech online through human rights education, designed for educators, parents and all those working with teenagers, both in the public education system and in non-formal learning. The guide is intended for working with young people aged 13 to 18. However, the activities can be adapted to different age groups.

In just six years, BOOKMARKS has been translated into 18 languages ​​- Armenian, Dutch, Estonian, German (Austrian edition), German (German edition), Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish and Ukrainian. The updated versions of the guide from 2016 and 2020 include various activities and information about the Council of Europe’s Guide to Human Rights for Internet Users.

BOOKMARKS consists of guidelines for cohesion and constructive communication between young people through:

  • interactive activities and seminars;
  • summaries of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights;
  • 21 activities to combat Hate Speech online through human rights education.


  • BOOKMARKS. A Manual for Combating Hate Speech Online through Human Rights Education. 2016. (Revised edition, with the inclusion of the Guide to Human Rights for Internet Users). Council of Europe. Authors: Keen, E Georgescu, M.:   

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