Pablo Picasso

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Pablo Picasso is a Spanish artist mainly known for his “cubist” paintings, “Guernica” being his worldwide known masterpiece. Picasso was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain. He spent his childhood in Malaga but moved with his parents to Barcelona in 1895. There, because of the influence of his father who was also an artist, Picasso grew up surrounded by artists and intellectuals.

During the first years of the decade of the 1900s, Picasso was living between Barcelona, Madrid and Paris and he decided to move to the French capital in 1904. There, inspired by different French artists such as Cezanne, he started to develop his own style and created the artistic movement known as Cubism.

Picasso became known worldwide for his innovative approach to art and painting and had different phases in his work. His masterpiece “Guernica” was created in 1937 after Italian and German air forces bombed Gernika which is a small town in the Basque Country in the north of Spain. 

Between 150 and 300 civilians died in that attack in the context of the Spanish Civil War. Picasso represented the horror of war in his painting which became one of the most famous paintings of the XX Century worldwide. After that, he continued with his work until 1973 when he died at the age of 91.